1. 1. Compounds and Reactions

Periodic Table


Ionic Compounds: Naming and Making

Polyatomic Ions in Compounds

How to Name Hydrates

Naming Acids

Composition Reactions

Decomposition Reactions

Single Replacement Reactions

Double Replacement Reactions

Hydrocarbon Combustion Equation Balancing

  1. 2. Stoichiometry

Introduction to the Mole Concept

Mole Calculations

Calculations with Molar Mass

Isotopes 1

Isotopes 2

Calculating the Mass Percent of an Element in a Compound

Empirical Formulae

Mole to Mole Stoichiometry

Mole to Mass Stoichiometry

Mass to Mass Stoichiometry

Calculating the Water of Crystallization

Question Involving Combustion Analysis

The Mass Spectrometer

  1. 3. Solutions

Defining Solutions

Calculating Concentration

Dilution Calculations

Dissociation Into Ions

Net Ionic Equations

Solution Stoichiometry

Molality, Mass Percent, Mole Fraction...

Colligative Properties


Introduction to Gases: Units of Measurement

Boyle’s Law

Charles’ Law

Avogadro’s Law and the Ideal Gas Law

Ideal Gas Law Calculations

Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

STP and SATP Defined and Calculations

Raoult’s Law

Kinetic Molecular Theory and Ideal Gases

Root Mean Square Velocity

Graham’s Law of Effusion

  1. 4.Atomic Theory and Bonding

Atomic Models

Bohr Model of the Atom

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

Quantum Numbers

Assigning Quantum Numbers

Set of Quantum Numbers for Sodium


Electron Configurations 1

Electron Configurations 2

Periodic Table Trends 1

Periodic Table Trends 2

Properties of Period 3 Elements

Trends for the D Block Elements 1

Trends for the D Block Elements 2

  1. 5.Bonding

Chemical Bonding


Polarity or Dipole Moments

Born-Haber Cycle

Lattice Energy

Calculations Involving Bond Energy

Lewis Diagrams 1

Lewis Diagrams 2

Lewis Diagrams 3

Lewis Diagrams of Polyatomic Ions

Exceptions For Lewis Diagrams

Formal Charge 1

Formal Charge 2

  1. 6.Molecular Shapes

4 Effective Pair Shapes

3 Effective Pair Shapes

2 Effective Pair Shapes

5 Effective Pair Shapes

6 Effective Pair Shapes and Polarity

van der Waal’s Forces

Hydrogen Bonding

Ionic, Metallic and Network Covalent Bonding

Phase Diagram for Carbon Dioxide

Phase Diagram for Water

sp3 Hybridization

sp2 Hybridization

sp Hydbridization

dsp3 and d2sp3 hybridization

Molecular Orbitals

Energy Level Diagrams 1

Energy Level Diagrams 2

7. Energy

Energy Laws

Kinetic and Potential Energy

3 Types of Kinetic Energy

Calculations with q = mcΔT


Calculation of a Molar Heat Through Calorimetry 1

Calculation of a Molar Heat Through Calorimetry 2

Bomb Calorimetry

Definition of Heat of Formation and Equations

Heat of Formation and Stoichiometry

Performing Hess’ Law Calculation 1

Performing Hess’ Law Calculation 2

Hess’ Law Short Cut Method

Exothermic Graph

Endothermic Graph

Hess’ Law Calculation with Ideal Gas Law

Energy and Society/Technology Issues

  1. 8.Redox

Terminology for Electrochemistry

Writing Redox Reactions 1

Writing Redox Reactions 2

Oxidation Numbers 1

Continued Oxidation Number (State) Identification

Balancing Reactions With Oxidation Numbers 1

Balancing Reactions With Oxidation Numbers 2

Half-Reaction Method

Auto-Oxidation or Disproportionation

Hydrogen as the Standard

Voltaic Cells 1

Voltaic Cells 2

Voltaic Cells 3

Redox Titration

Electrolysis 1

Electrolysis 2

Molten Electrolysis

Calculation With Faraday’s Constant

Calculating a Molar Mass Using Faraday’s Law

Corrosion & Science and Technology Issues

Question Where You Devise a Redox Table

  1. 9.Equilibrium

Equilibrium Definitions

K Relationships

Heterogeneous Equilibrium

Calculating K values

Calculating K and Making the Ice Box

Pressure Constant, Kp

Calculating Concentrations at Equilibrium 1

Calculating Concentrations at Equilibrium 2

Calculating Q: Reactions with Initial Concentrations of all Species

Concentration Change and Le Chatelier’s Principle

Temperature Change and Le Chatelier’s Principle

Pressure Change and Le Chatelier’s Principle

Equilibrium Shifting Question

Graphing Equilibrium Reactions

Introduction to Ksp

Calculating Molar Solubility

Relative Solubility

pH and Solubility

Common Ion Effect

Precipitation and Concentrations at Equilibrium

  1. 10.Acids and Bases

Properties of Acids and Bases

Definitions of Acids and Bases 1

Definitions of Acids and Bases 2

Defining and Calculating Kw

Calculating pH

Calculation the pH of Strong Acids and Strong Bases

More pH Calculations: Finding hydronium from pH

Calculating the pH of a Weak Acid

Calculating the pH of a Weak Base

Bronsted/Lowry Reactions

Acid/Base Stoichiometry

Acid/Base Stoichiometry with Excess Reagent

Strong Acid/Strong BaseTitration

Strong Base/Weak Acid Titration

Titration of a Polybasic Species


Buffer pH Calculation

  1. 11.Organic

Definitions and Formulae



Naming of a Large Alkane



Naming Cycloalkanes and Cycloalkenes


Two Double Bonds in a Molecule



More Alcohol, Please!...

Carboxylic Acids

Substitution and Addition Reactions

Mechanism for Substitution Reactions


Combustion & Elimination Reactions

Polymerization & Hydrocarbon Cracking

Ketones and Aldehydes

Making Ketones & Aldehydes from Alcohol

Derivatives that Contain Nitrogen

SN1 and SN2 Mechanisms

Reaction Pathways 1

Reaction Pathways 2

Structural and Optical Isomerisms

  1. 12.Kinetics

Factors Affecting Reaction Rate

Defining Rate Laws

Differential Rate Law

Calculating the Rate Constant

Integrated Rate Law Question1

Integrated Rate Law Question 2

Calculation with Half-Life

Reaction Mechanisms

Intermediates & Catalysts

Finding Activation Energy



Entropy Defined and Explained

ΔS Universe

Introduction to Gibbs Free Energy

Predicting Sign of ΔG

Entropy-Driven Reaction

Finding Boiling Point Using ΔG

Finding ΔG in Various Ways

Finding G from ΔG

Free Energy and Calculating K

Free Energy and Voltaic Cells

Nernst Equation



Absolute Uncertainty

Percent Uncertainty

Uncertainty Calculation Example from Calorimetry